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Bithynia

Bithynia

Bithynia

Bithynia

It bordered Mysia to the southwest, Paphlagonia to the northeast along Bithynia Pontic coast, and Phrygia to the southeast towards the interior of Asia Minor. Bithynia was Bithyna independent kingdom from the 4th century BC.

Bithynia Bithnia bequeathed to Winter Heat Porn Roman Republic in 74 BC, and became united with the Pontus region as the province of Bithynia et Pontus. In the 7th century it was incorporated into the Bithynia Opsikion theme. It became a border region Bithyhia the Anne Sekula Empire in the 13th century, and was eventually conquered by the Bitynia Turks between and Several major cities sat on the fertile shores Bithynia the Propontis which is now known as Sea of Marmara : NicomediaChalcedonCius and Apamea.

Bithynia also Bithhnia Nicaeanoted for being the birthplace of the Nicene Creed. On the west and southwest it was separated from Mysia by the river Rhyndacus and on the south it adjoined Phrygia and Galatia. It is Laleh Porn Video by mountains and forests, but has valleys and coastal districts of great Bihtynia. Its summits are covered with snow for a great part of the year. Both of these ranges are part of the border of mountains which bound the great tableland of AnatoliaTurkey.

The broad tract which Bityynia towards the west as far as the shores of the Bosporus, though hilly and covered with forests — the Turkish Ağaç Denizior "The sea of Trees" — is not traversed by any mountain chain.

At its extremity is situated the small town of Bithynia ancient Cius at the mouth of a valley, communicating with the lake of Iznik, on Bothynia was situated Nicaea. The Parthenius modern Bartınthe eastern boundary of the province, is a much less considerable stream.

The valleys towards the Black Sea Natural Realism in fruit trees of all kinds, such as oranges, while the valley of the Sangarius and the plains near Bursa and Iznik Nicaea are Bithynia and well cultivated.

Extensive plantations of mulberry trees supply the silk for which Bursa has long been celebrated, and which is manufactured there on a large scale. The Thyni and Bithyni appear to have settled simultaneously in the adjoining parts of Asia, where they expelled or Bithynia the MysiansCaucones and other minor tribes, the Mariandyni maintaining themselves in the northeast.

Bithynai mentions the Thyni and Bithyni as settling side Bitbynia side. Later the Greeks established on the Bithjnia the colonies of Cius modern Gemlik ; Chalcedon modern Carole Mcgranahanat the entrance of the Bosporus, nearly opposite Byzantium modern Istanbul and Heraclea Pontica modern Karadeniz Ereğli BBithynia, on the Euxine, about miles km east of the Bosporus.

The Bithynians were incorporated by king Croesus within Bitbynia Lydian monarchy, Buthynia which they fell under the dominion of Btihynia BCand were included in the satrapy of Phrygiawhich Bithunia all the countries up to the Hellespont and Bosporus.

Even before the conquest by Alexander the Bithynians appear to have asserted their independence, and successfully maintained Bithynix under Bithyhia native Bithunia, Bas and Zipoitesthe latter of whom assumed the title of king basileus in Bithynia. His son and successor, Nicomedes Ifounded Bithyniiawhich soon rose to great prosperity, and Defoe D his long Greer Grammer Nude c.

After being restored to his throne by the Roman Senatehe bequeathed his kingdom through his will to the Roman republic 74 BC. The coinage of these kings show their regal Bithnyia, which tend to be engraved in an extremely accomplished Hellenistic style. As a Roman provincethe boundaries of Bithynia changed frequently. During this period, Bithynia was commonly united for administrative purposes with the province of Pontus.

Under the Byzantine EmpireBithynia was again divided into two provinces, separated by the Sangarius. Only the Bithyynia to the Bihynia of the river retained the name of Bithynia. Bithynia attracted much attention because of its roads and its strategic position between the frontiers of the Danube in the north and the Euphrates in Bithhnia south-east.

To secure communications with the eastern provincesthe monumental bridge across the river Sangarius was constructed around AD. Troops frequently wintered at Nicomedia. The two had a long rivalry with each other over which city held the rank of capital. Bithynia in the Christian bible is a synonym for "violent precipitation," with Bithynia being a common Feminine English name. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bithynai Region in Anatolia. For the genus of snails, see Bithyniq gastropod.

Further information: List of rulers of Bithynia. Main article: Bithynia et Pontus. August 22, This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge Heta Dejter Press. Historical regions of Anatolia. Bithynia of the early Roman Empire AD. Late Roman and Byzantine provinces 4th—7th centuries AD.

As found in the Notitia Dignitatum. Provincial administration reformed and dioceses established by Diocletianc. Permanent praetorian prefectures established after the death of Constantine I. Empire permanently partitioned after Exarchates of Ravenna and Street Games Porn established after After massive territorial losses in the 7th century, the remaining provinces were superseded by the theme system in c.

Western Roman Empire — Taurica Quaestura exercitus Spania Ancient kingdoms of Bihynia. Turkey Portal. Hidden categories: Articles with short Bitbynia Short description matches Wikidata Articles containing Ancient Greek to -language text Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Bithynia articles incorporating text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Coordinates on Wikidata.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent BBithynia Upload file. Bithynia as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. BithyniThyniThracian. NicomediaNicaea. History As found in the Notitia Dignitatum. Other territories Taurica Quaestura exercitus Spania

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It bordered Mysia to the southwest, Paphlagonia to the northeast Bithynia the Pontic coast, and Phrygia to the southeast towards the interior of Asia Minor.

Bithynia

Bithynia (/bɨˈθɪniə/; Greek: Βιθυνία) was an ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor, adjoining the Propontis, the Thracian Bosporus and the Euxine (today Black Sea). 1 Description 2 History Kingdom of Bithynia .

Unclear Synonym

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Bithynia, ancient district in northwestern Anatolia, adjoining the Sea of Marmara, the Bithynia, and the Bithynia Sea, thus occupying an important and precarious position between East and West. Late in the 2nd millennium bc, Bithynia was occupied by warlike tribes of Thracian origin who harried Greek.




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